Permanent grasslands are areas characterised by constant grass cover. They are mostly multispecific, accommodating more than ten different plant species in general, thus supporting the protection of associated biodiversity.
They prevail in mountainous regions with difficult access to pastures due to hilly landscapes. Their advantage is low production costs, a definite benefit for sustainable agriculture.
In 2003 permanent grasslands in France occupied 65% of all grassland area (6,7 Mha).