Numbers and Geographic Distribution in Europe
In Europe, cattle (dairy cows, suckler cows and calves) represent over 85% of livestock population expressed in UGB (Unités Gros Bovins) or in LU (Livestock Units).
Figure alongside shows distribution of dairy cow population in different European countries. It shows a very high concentration of cattle per area unit in the regions bordering the English Channel and North Sea, British Islands, Galicia and in the Alpine circle.
Largest herds are located respectively in Germany, France, Poland, UK and Italy.