Perennial, usually short (20-40 cm), with the possibility of reaching 70 cm, rhizomatous and stoloniferous, forming a rather dense lawn. Long stems, lying rooted to the nodes. Short (5-15 cm), thin (2-5 mm), flat, sharp, smooth, or hairy leaves. Hairy ligule. Inflorescence in the shape of fingered ears.
Grain coated in lemma. 0,2 g for 1000 grains.
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Far from demanding with respect to climatic conditions, it very well tolerates heat and drought, though certain varieties (requiring more water) do not tolerate frost. It has very strong winter dormancy, with plants looking withered. Bermuda Grass is located on low fertility lands where other forage plants are less successful. On fertile lands, Bermuda Grass quickly becomes invasive. These characteristics lead some to treat it as a weed.
It multiplies by division of stumps.
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This is in particular the case in Mediterranean countries, where its tolerance to the drought makes it possible to obtain a quality turf without a large consumption of water for irrigation.