Description of the innovation
Agroforestry in arable land
Agroforestry is obtained by planting trees on grazed or mowed grasslands or on plots of annual crops.
This activity allows to combine a farm income from annual breeding activities and from delayed long term production by trees. Trees are all about stimulating animals to pas-ture all over the grassland area, by providing a cooler and shaded environment and a weather protection.
Tree distribution all over the plot avoids animal concentration on the same places and allows a better cattle waste distribu-tion. This land-use system improves cattle grazing.
This type of afforestation with a low den-sity of trees on plots and with adapted tree protection doesn’t affect grass and grazing management.
- Animal welfare : trees provide shad-ow, freshness, shelter from the wind and the rain
- A better use of land by the animals
- A larger grazing season
- Improvement of biodiversity, carbon sequestration and soil erosion
- Original and attractive landscape
- Diversification of farming activities with the building-up of an inher-itance of valuable trees
- A higher productivity of the grass-land area
- It needs technical expertise ( pruning work, choose of tree species)
- A high investment in cost and labour in the year of planting
- Delayed profitability by trees
- Constraints of mechanization
Trees are planted in rows spaced from 10 to 20 meters (rows could be more spaced in annual crop plots). The width between tree rows must be adapted to farm machinery to enjoy the benefits of trees without constraining mechanization.
In pastureland, young trees have to be individually protected to avoid damage by browsing. Even set up with care, this protection doesn’t prevent from a regular moni-toring.
- Technical file on agroforestry from “Bassin de l’Oudon” : http://www.bvoudon.fr/content/le-dossier-technique-de-l-oudon-ndeg1
- Booklet from Prom’Haies : http://www.promhaies.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/plaquette_agroforesterie2015.pdf
- Paper from AFAC : https://afac-agroforesteries.fr/lagroforesterie-intraparcellaire-au-coeur-dune-elaboration-paysagere-menee-par-lagriculteur/