Perennial legume of large size (50 to 100 cm) with strong and deep taproots. The collar is very developed. The upright, often smooth stems carry trifoliate leaves, of obovate, mucronate shape. The inflorescences in the shape of short pyramid-shaped clusters carry from 8 to 25 violets or multicoloured flowers. The highly spiral and smooth pods contain reniform seeds, yellowish, sometimes hard and with TKW of 2 g (Thousand kernel weight). This is a cross-pollinating species, entomiphilous and allotetraploid at 2n=32.
Geography & History
We can also find its spontaneous subspecies Medicago s. falcata (with yellow flowers) which has the particularity of being very resistant to cold, due to its implantation in the north-east of France. Their hybridisation gave rise to Flemish Lucernes which spread into the northern plains, and all the way to Parisian basin.
|In %||Water||Nitrogen||Fat||Soluble carbohydrates||Fibrous carbohydrates||Ashes|
- Very high forage yield
- Strong summer growth
- Good resistance to cold
- High protein content
- Species combines well with orchard grass and bromine
- Sensitivity to excess water
- Difficult haymaking in the spring
- Delicate for grazing as a pure crop, high risk of bloating
|In rows||– cm||– cm||– kg/ha|
|In q/ha||In green||In hay||In grain|
Other sources of information
Three main publications regarding a kind of Medicago:
NEGRE R., 1956. Les luzernes du Maroc. Work of the “Institut Scientifique Chérifien”. Série botanique n°5. 119 pp. Revised in 1959 in the Bulletin of the Natural History Society of North Africa, 50, 267?314.
HEYN C., 1963. The annual species of Medicago. Scripta hierosolymitana. Hebrew university, Jérusalem,. 154 pp.
LESINS K.A., LESINS L., 1979. Genus M