Bird’s-foot Trefoil

Lotus corniculatus

Description

Morphology

It is a perennial legume, from 30 to 60 cm with taproots. Trifoliate leaves have obovate leaflets with pronounced main ribs. Stipules are very developed. Cylindrical stems are smooth, full, upright and strongly branched. The bright yellow flowers are grouped in pods of 4 to 8 flowers. The inflorescence is pedunculated. The seeds are irregularly spherical, yellowish and often hard, TKW of 1 to 1.4 g. This is a cross-pollinating species, entomiphilous and autotetraploid (2n=24). There are some diploid forms.

Geography

Culture

Chemical Composition
In % Water Nitrogen Fat Soluble carbohydrates Fibrous carbohydrates Ashes
Forage: green
Forage: hay
Usage
Benefits
  • Good durability in all soils
  • Adaptation to pasture
  • No risk of bloating as it contains tannins in leaves
Limitations
  • Slow and difficult rooting
  • Limited forage productivity
  • Species does not tolerate drought and high temperatures
Techniques
Seedlings Period Spacing Depth Amount sown
In rows – cm – cm – kg/ha

 

In q/ha In green In hay In grain
Yield 0-0 0-0

 


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