Red Clover

Trifolium pratense




Medium sized perennial legume, with strong taproots, and a collar from which grows new stems in the centre of the old ones. The plants are completely hairy.

The stems are cylindrical and hollow.

The leaves are alternate, trifoliate, with a characteristic pale crescent in the outer half of the leaf, and smooth edges.

Dense inflorescence is sub-bulbous, flower heads carry sessile flowers, crimsons or violets, the pods contain a yellowish seed, TKW of 1.6 G.

This is a cross-pollinating species, entomiphilous, diploid (2n = 14). Some varieties are tetraploid.



Chemical Composition
In % Water Nitrogen Fat Soluble carbohydrates Fibrous carbohydrates Ashes
Forage: green
Forage: hay
  • High forage yield
  • Resistance to cold
  • Adaptation to acidic soils
  • Good energy and protein value
  • Ease of use in silage
  • Species combines well with the ryegrass hybrid
  • Medium durability
  • Sensitive to drought
  • Difficult for hay making
  • Delicate for pasture, as it presents risk of bloating
Seedlings Period Spacing Depth Amount sown
In rows – cm – cm – kg/ha


In q/ha In green In hay In grain
Yield 0-0 0-0



External Links

Translate »