Large perennial grass (80-140 cm), with tufted strain, forming little loose tussocks. Stack is large, straight, smooth, rounded into bulbous base. The long leaves (30-50 cm) are quite broad, flat and smooth, with rolled leaves, limbs are often twisted and carry an average fleshy ligule. Inflorescence is in the form of spikelets, cylindrical and dense panicles.
Grains are coated in lemma, TKW is from 0.4 to 0.5 G. This is a cross-pollinating species, hexaploid at 2n=42.
Originally found in most of Europe, temperate Asia, and North Africa, Timothy was then introduced to North and South America and Australia. In Morocco, it is found up to an altitude of 2.500-3.500 meters.
It is cultivated mainly in Scandinavia and North America, although well appreciated in France, Germany, Hungary, etc.
|In %||Water||Nitrogen||Fat||Soluble carbohydrates||Fibrous carbohydrates||Ashes|
Timothy is recommended for the creation of meadows, particularly for hay. Not very persistent, it must be replaced every two or three years.
Timothy grows particularly well in cool and humid areas. If it can withstand harsh winter without damage, it is requires light watering before summer drought. It grows mainly in autumn and winter.
|Seedlings||Period||Spacing (of rows)||Depth||Amount sown|
|In rows||After first autumn rains||50-70 cm (40-60 dibbling)||1-1,5 cm||8-12 kg/ha|
Having a slow lift, this species should be mown shortly after the appearance of panicles. Mown early, it can still produce one or two growths.
|In q/ha||In green||In hay||In grain|
Early star at the end of winter
Productivity in spring and late autumn
Resistance to excess water
Adaptation to cold regions and acidic soils
Very late heading conferring good flexibility for farming
Good nutritional value
- Slow raising and set up
- Low summer growth
- Sensitivity to drought