Common names: Sainfoin, Esparsette, Cock’s Head, Aniarsexe, Aniassexie.
Latin names: Onobrychis foliis, O. vicia, O. fructu, O. echinato, O. major, O. caule, Hedysarum onobrychis, H. foliis.
Perennial legume, from 40 to 80 cm with very developed taproots. The stems are almost upright, cylindrical, smooth and full. The leaves are odd-pinnate with 6-12 pairs of long and mucronate leaflets, pubescent in their lower part. The inflorescence is a cluster on top of an elongated peduncle, containing 40 to 60 pink flowers with short pedicels. The non-dehiscent oval pods are adorned with spiny ridges and contain one brownish seed. This is a cross-pollinating, entomiphilous and tetraploid species (2n=4x=28).
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- Reserved for short-term grasslands (1-3 years)
- Strong production in spring
- High protein content
- No bloating as it produces condensed tannins
- Tolerance to heat and calcareous soils
- Low durability
- Not adapted to heavy, acid and excessively humid soils
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